Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring compound found in the resinous flower of cannabis and hemp, plants with a rich history as a medicine going back thousands of years. Today the therapeutic properties of CBD are being tested and confirmed by scientists and doctors around the world. A safe, non-addictive substance, CBD is one of more than a hundred “phytocannabinoids,” which are unique to cannabis and endow the plant with its robust therapeutic profile.
CBD is closely related to another important medicinally active phytocannabinoid: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the compound that causes the high that cannabis is famous for. These are the two components of cannabis that have been most studied by scientists.
Both CBD and THC have significant therapeutic attributes. But unlike THC, CBD does not make a person feel “stoned” or intoxicated. That’s because CBD and THC act in different ways on different receptors in the brain and body.
CBD can actually lessen or neutralize the psychoactive effects of THC, depending on how much of each compound is consumed. Many people want the health benefits of cannabis without the high – or with less of a high.
The fact that CBD is therapeutically potent as well as non-intoxicating, and easy to take as a CBD oil, makes it an appealing treatment option for those who are cautious about trying cannabis for the first time.
The Endocannabinoid System Explained
We all have one, but how does it work? Dive in to find exactly how CBD and other cannabinoids bring relief to the human body.
Is CBD legal in the US?
Perhaps one of the most confusing aspects of CBD is its legality. The laws regarding CBD at a state and federal level are still very unclear, which in some cases might deter individuals from trying it.
Here’s the thing. Yes, CBD is [federally] legal in all 50 states, but there are certain instances when it isn’t legal. There are a few factors that determine its legality, with the most important being whether the CBD is derived from hemp or marijuana. The legality is determined by the source of the CBD. Hemp and marijuana are both from the same plant family, Cannabis sativa. The difference, however, is that hemp plants contain 0.3% THC or less, where marijuana can contain up to 30% THC or more.
Because hemp doesn’t contain enough THC to produce psychoactive effects, it’s considered legal in the US. Conversely, there are CBD products derived from both hemp and marijuana…and it’s here where legality can get confusing.
In states with recreational marijuana laws, CBD derived from both hemp and marijuana is completely legal. These include: California, Colorado, Washington, Alaska, Maine, Massachusetts, Oregon, and Nevada. In states with medical marijuana laws, CBD derived from marijuana is legal with a prescription, yet laws vary between states regarding THC levels in CBD products. These laws though, only pertain to CBD derived from marijuana.
Hemp-derived CBD that contains 0.3% or less THC is [federally] legal in all 50 states.
Does CBD make you high?
Because CBD is not psychoactive, it does not create the same buzzy effects typically associated with marijuana when ingested.
Is CBD safe to use for everyone?
When CBD is sourced from high-quality hemp cultivated in rich soil under favorable growing conditions, it’s considered safe and non-toxic.
The World Health Organization (WHO) put out a report in November 2017 showed that CBD doesn’t contain any adverse health effects and is well-tolerated in both animals and humans.
In fact, CBD is considered safe enough for people of all ages—including children. You’ve likely heard about children with severe epilepsy taking CBD to help reduce seizures. Increasing research and anecdotal evidence has shown that CBD given to children who experience seizures on a regular basis significantly reduces the number of seizures they experience…without any unwanted side-effects.
There are also countless parents who give their children CBD to help manage symptoms of ADHD and other anxiety disorders.
Despite the excellent safety profile of CBD, we recommend speaking to your doctor and pharmacist before you start taking CBD as drug interactions and side effects are possible.
In what types of products can I find CBD?
Once the CBD compound is extracted from cannabis and hemp plants, it is typically packaged in the form of concentrated oil or cream.
For trendy wellness products, the oil is mixed or infused in any number of other goods, including pills, vaporizers, beauty creams, shampoos and edibles like candy, mints and flavored sparkling water. You can even get CBD-infused pet treats that are marketed to owners of dogs and cats suffering from anxiety.
For medicinal purposes, creams and balms that claim to treat pain can be rubbed directly on the skin and CBD oils can be taken orally, often with a dropper that deposits a drop or two in your mouth.
What ailments are commonly addressed by CBD?
CBD products are often marketed as anti-inflammatories and pain relievers that can also help with insomnia and anxiety. Some [formulations] of CBD are popular with parents of children with severe epilepsy.
Will CBD impact my ability to pass a drug screening?
For some, having more than trace amounts of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) might not be a big deal, but if you’re being drug tested at work, operating heavy machinery, or fall into a number of other categories, you may want to keep the THC to a bare minimum.
In order to qualify as a legal hemp product, CBD oil must contain less than 0.3% THC. Look for CBD oil certified to have low levels of, or zero, THC in them. Many reputable sellers do offer products that have absolutely no THC in them at all, so if you are concerned about keeping even trace amounts of THC out of your body, it is best to look for those products and sellers.
Is CBD from high-altitude Colorado farms better?
Hemp grows very well in Colorado soil, where it is typically easy to find the requisite pH levels at a minimum of 6 and ideal of 7 to 7.5. Long taproots mean that hemp plants are able to access groundwater and require significantly less irrigation than other crops. Colorado seed producers have even found strains of hemp that perform exceptionally well at a higher elevation. Scientists have found that the effects of high-altitude Colorado sunshine increase cannabinoid production in some plants.
The Colorado Industrial Hemp Program, which is a subset of the Department of Agriculture, has set protocols in place to ensure the purity of the product. Testing is conducted on hemp crops to guarantee that they have no more than at or below 0.3% THC in order to be considered hemp. Unlike other hemp-producing regions, Colorado hemp is pure, which is a great reason why you should buy CBD from Colorado.
How important is it to know the source of CBD?
Hemp is a bioaccumulator, meaning it is capable of absorbing both the good and the bad from the air, water, and soil in which it’s grown. The last thing buyers want is for their CBD oil to have accumulated toxic substances such as pesticides, herbicides, or heavy metals. For decades, farmers have used pesticides to protect crops against insects, disease, and fungi – and have used herbicides to control weeds – but we’ve known for quite some time that chemicals used to harm other species can also be harmful to our own species. Because of the potential dangers of these chemicals, be sure that the CBD oil you buy is pure and free of foreign substances is by purchasing CBD oil from a source that can be traced all the way back to the field.
How much CBD is right for me?
When it comes to taking CBD, dose size really does matter. While there’s a common assumption that the bigger dose you take will offer better relief, this isn’t true in the slightest. While you’re not going to fatally overdose if you take too much CBD (it’s actually impossible), taking too much may lessen its effectiveness. Bigger isn’t always necessarily better.
There’s something known as the “sweet spot” when it comes to CBD, which is the precise dose that works for you personally. Everyone is different when it comes to their own individual sweet spot, which is why its recommended to start out with the lowest dose possible and work your way up to the amount of CBD that works for you.
How does hemp-derived CBD compare to marijuana-derived (greater than 0.3% THC) CBD?
The CBD is virtually the same. The accompanying profile of Terpenes and Cannabinoids may be slightly different at the extract level. However, by the time it gets down to the product level, it is nearly identical.
What is the entourage effect?
The “entourage effect” suggests CBD works best when it is paired with other cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential plant compounds from the Cannabis Sativa-L plant. “Full Spectrum” is CBD Oil containing CBD as well as the rest of the spectrum of active and essential compounds in the hemp plant (Cannabis Sativa-L).
Isn’t whole plant CBD better than fractional distillates? Which is Cannovia’s?
It really is an individual preference — some people want a completely THC-free CBD experience; others are more interested in the whole plant benefit. Cannovia offers both! Our whole plant CBD is labeled “Full Spectrum.” Cannovia topical therapeutic lotions and muscle gels are all “Full Spectrum” and should not have impact on drug screenings. We do offer THC-free agave beverage powder and THC-free peppermint oil drops options.